“The Ice Palace” by F. Scott Fitzgerald

Is it actually a thing to say that the world can be divided into Hemingway people and Fitzgerald people, or is it just something I’ve thought long enough that I think it’s a thing? Anyway, I believe this is at least as valid as the Beatles/Elvis bifurcation (or Beatles/Stones). I’ve always fallen on the Hemingway side, and didn’t particularly care for The Great Gatsby when I read it in high school (I liked slightly better The Beautiful and Damned). But I’ve never stopped hearing people rave about Fitzgerald and especially Gatsby, and I didn’t remember him that well, so I’ve thought for a while about re-reading it.

I haven’t done that, but I did read a couple of his short stories, “The Ice Palace” and “Babylon Revisited.” The latter was good, and I liked it an above-average amount. “The Ice Palace” was pretty much as I’d remembered Fitzgerald, as just not quite hitting the right notes for me, though I did enjoy it in its own way too.

It’s the story of Sally Carrol Happer (that’s “Sally Carrol,” not just “Sally”) of Tarleton, Georgia and her Yankee beau, Harry Bellamy. It opens on a languid, Southern September afternoon, with Sally Carrol about to be taken out swimming by a male of her Southern leisure-set species:

Up in her bedroom window Sally Carrol Happer rested her nineteen-year-old chin on a fifty-two-year-old sill and watched Clark Darrow’s ancient Ford turn the corner. The car was hot—being partly metallic it retained all the heat it absorbed or evolved—and Clark Darrow sitting bolt upright at the wheel wore a pained, strained expression as though he considered himself a spare part, and rather likely to break.

I don’t know. I can’t articulate why, but I’m not loving it—the part about the chin and the sill, and the business about retaining “all the heat it absorbed or evolved” because it was “partly metallic.” And then Clark Darrow seems fine, not pained or strained, and says he’s “mighty fine.” The pained and strained part isn’t until later, when he confronts Sally Carrol about her relationship with the Northerner: “‘Don’t marry a Yankee, Sally Carrol. We need you round here.'”

Sally Carrol has made up her mind, though, because Southern men are “ineffectual and sad,” “failures,” “living in the past.” When Harry comes to settle their engagement, she takes him walking through a cemetery full of confederate dead and Old Southerners, whose graves are “dusty-gray and mouldy for the fifties; quaintly carved with flowers and jars for the seventies; ornate and hideous for the nineties, with fat marble cherubs lying in sodden sleep on stone pillows, and great impossible growths of nameless granite flowers,” where they settle on a date of March for the wedding, and a visit for Sally to the North in January, when there will be a winter carnival. “‘Will I be cold, Harry?’ she asked suddenly.”

She is cold, before she even gets off the train. She finds herself surrounded by cold Northerners, fair and Nordic-looking, and very foreign. She doesn’t enjoy herself at parties and dances, finds the men too inhibited, and only hits it off with an English professor who describes the locals as “Ibsenesque” and talks about Swedish suicide rates.

So, the ice palace of the North. There is an actual ice palace too; it’s part of the winter carnival. Harry and Sally Carrol go there together, after she already knows she’s not hitting it off with this climate and this people, and she gets lost in a labyrinth and has a bad time of it.

As a story of North and South, this is not what you would call mind-blowing, but completely serviceable, and I’m up for that kind of story for sure. What was strange, though, was the foreignness of the North here. Sally Carrol’s Georgia is exactly what I would expect: hot, lazy, leisurely, morose, sedate, antique. When someone asks her if she’s ever been to the North before she answers that she’s spent two Julys in Asheville. But Harry Bellamy, the “Yankee,” is from the “Northwest”—one can only assume Minnesota or similar. So part of his foreignness to her is that his is “‘a three-generation town. Everybody has a father, and about half of us have grandfathers. Back of that we don’t go.'” The professor has been “imported” from back East. Nothing in the Bellamy’s house seems very old, only expensive.

Stranger still was seeing the winter from Sally Carrol’s perspective. Fitzgerald describes a “powdery wraith of loose snow,” “a dark, ominous tent that draped in the tops of the streets and was in reality a vast approaching army of snowflakes,” “tombing heaps of sleet.” Her flannel cap is “complicated” while her Southern sunbonnet was simply “floppidy.” The labyrinth in the ice palace is “like a damp vault connecting empty tombs,” with “half-slippery, half-sticky walls” down which “she felt things creeping, damp souls that haunted this palace, this town, this North.” Talking to Roger Patton, the professor:

“I saw you look out the window a minute ago—and shiver.”

“Just my imagination,” laughed Sally Carrol. “I’m used to havin’ everythin’ quiet outside, an’ sometimes I look out an’ see a flurry of snow, an’ it’s just as if somethin’ dead was movin’.”

I was so surprised by this ghostliness direction. To think of the clean, cold winter this way, when it’s the hot, muggy South that teems with crawling things and flying things—to think that a crisp flurry of cold powder could be more creepy than Sally Carrol’s favorite cemetery…I mean I suppose coldness goes with death. But this was sort of a surprising and different direction for me.

Anyway, Clark Darrow is right all along, when he tells Sally Carrol that she “couldn’t” love a Yankee, because “‘He’d be a lot different from us, every way.'”

6 comments to “The Ice Palace” by F. Scott Fitzgerald

  • I’d always been on the Hemingway “side” but I re-read Gatsby recently and it was fantastic. Blew me away. I think high school and maybe even college are just too early for it. I encourage you to give it another chance.

    Did you read the short story, Bernice Bobs Her Hair? It’s my favorite of his.

  • Really interesting. Don’t know about the division/bifurcation but you get it exactly–it seems like it’s out there somehow, and it’s one of those obvious “tandems with significant differences.” One impression I carry around is that Fitz/Hem and the success and the noise distract from other interesting writers of the time, not really the major modernists, but… I don’t really have any examples offhand.

    And I would have said until recently that I was solid enough with Fitzgerald, but would fall into the Hemingway camp. More, better books, raises intriguing style questions, more significant culturally although Fitzgerald had a pretty amazing cultural impact himself. It’s also fun to think of them as a later version of Hawthorne and Melville, but let me stay focused.

    I came back to look at Fitzgerald anew through reading and learning about Richard Yates, who was absolutely Fitzgerald-obsessed. That was the start. Reading Hawthorne and looking at The Blithedale Romance steered me towards its similarities to The Great Gatsby, and I finally bothered to figure out the plot of that book, although I can’t say I reread it all the way through. I think that some of the out of the way stories may be an easy route to discover the better side of Fitzgerald. I read a story called “The Adjuster” which was modern, very American ennui, very Yates, and it was almost like reading a completely different author. So I think the point is that there seems to be another level or two of interest in Fitzgerald once you get past the headlines and basics. Richard Yates certainly thought so.

  • I agree with Zhiv that there does seem to be some kind of split…but I’d be hard pressed to choose a side. I haven’t read enough Hemingway and my Fitzgerald reading was mostly done ten or fifteen years ago. Perhaps I need to compare them properly…a possible maternity-leave project? :-) That seems almost dangerous!

  • nicole

    J.G.—I read “Bernice” years ago, also in high school, and did enjoy it. I’ve been enjoying these stories too, though I don’t love him, so I’ll definitely to back to Gatsby…someday.

    Zhiv—The point you make about other writers from the time is I think a good one. I don’t have anyone particular in mind, but they certainly do dominate, especially if you look at the period in terms of, say, high school lit classes. Interesting about Yates, too, and how you can be intrigued by the interest of some other writer you like.

    The Hawthorne/Melville comparison is such an attractive tangent, btw.

    verbivore—While I’m sure that would be super fun (not least for me!), I think you may have some other things to do on your maternity leave!

  • I love both Hemingway (The Old Man and The Sea) and Fitzgerald (The Great Gatsby). Both were on the school curriculum here thirty years ago and I read them way back then but lately I’ve re-read both and came to the conclusion that they were wasted on me when I was a teenager. Hemingway I love because there is not a single wasted word in that book. I think it must be perhaps the most perfect piece of writing ever. Fitzgerald I love for the beauty of his writing. Some of those sentences and images will stay in my head for a long time. I wished, though, that it was being read aloud to me. I would really like to wallow in a nice male voice reading me The Great Gatsby as I go to sleep. Ah bliss.

  • I am of the Fitzgerald camp, but I have not red a lot of Hemingway (besides old man and the Sea 20+ years ago). I have to say I am only interested in reading Hemingway because of the relationship to Fitzgerald.

    I do find the Beatles/Elvis comparison spot on.

    Anyways, just found your blog and look forward to seeing more.